Saturday, 14 September 2013

Iron Deficiency in Kids

Iron is an important constituent of hemoglobin, myoglobin and the enzymes which contains iron.The iron deficiency in kids up to one year of age is very dangerous. Iron deficiency at this age can impair the development of brain. Therefore treatment of the iron deficiency at this age is of extreme importance. Other than this the mother should also be aware of importance of iron and calcium during the pregnancy and should take external dosage of these elements if the food is not fulfilling the need of  foetus. Because, if a mother gives birth to a baby with the deficiency of iron, then it would be very difficult to overcome the affects of iron deficiency.  

Affects of iron deficiency in kids.

 In general, iron deficiency can cause 
  • chronic fatigue,
  • lack of concentration,
  • irritability,
  • nervousness, 
  • headache,
  • loss of appetite,
  • susceptibility to stress and infection, 
  • paleness, cracks at the corners of mouth (rhagades), 
  • dry skin, 
  • brittle hair and nails 
  • as well as loss of interest in play in children of all ages. 
Iron deficiency effects the production and size of red blood cells (RBCs). therefore, decreased amount of hemoglobin and RBCs in blood stream is called Anemia. The RBCs carry oxygen throughout the body. So the lack of RBCs resulted in lack of oxygen in the cells and tissues. There fore, it needs proper treatment and therapy for the restoration of red blood cells.

The amount of iron that kids need:

Although mostly babies are born with the iron stored in their bodies, but, they need a sufficient amount of iron for their growth and development. Here is a general guideline for the kids "approximate iron need/day":

  • 7-12 months need- 11 milligrams
  • 1-3 years need------ 7 milligrams
  • 4-8 years need----- 10 milligrams
  • 9-13 years need----- 8 milligrams
  • 14-18 years boys--- 11 milligrams 
  • 14-18 years girls---- 15 milligrams